Contact - CordaidJoint response lead
About the crisis
Afghanistan remains one of the most violent and dangerous countries in the world and has been in a protracted humanitarian emergency for the last 20 years. The current deepening and geographic spread of the conflict, related to the Taliban and IS has resulted into nearly 1 million IDPs. The situation has further deteriorated by natural disasters such as flash floods and droughts. In addition to this, the country is facing an unprecedented number of returnees from Pakistan and Iran, amounting to nearly 800,000 people since the start of 2016, of which 56% are children.
According to the 2017 HRP mid-year review, 7.4 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance. In 2016, 623,000 people fled their homes due to conflict, the highest on record and a 30% increase compared to 2015. From January 2017 until date another 257,881 people had to flee their homes. The past year has also seen the highest number of civilian casualties on record, with women and children suffering disproportionately. In addition to the ongoing conflict 691,581 undocumented Afghans returned from Pakistan and Iran during 2016 and the projected returnees caseloads (documented and undocumented) for 2017 amount to 773,000.
According to IOM, from January until October, 2017 92,300 undocumented Afghans returned from Pakistan and 349,610 undocumented Afghans returned from Iran. According the latest ACAPS’ briefing note, they need food security/ livelihood, shelter and protection assistance.
In 2018, insecurity is very likely to increase following the recent announcement of next years’ parliamentary elections. OCHA’s projected conflict displacement caseload for next year amounts to 450,000 people. Another 178,000 people are expected to be affected by natural disasters. 2018 caseload for returnees is hard to predict and will depend on the safeguarding of protection space in Pakistan and an extension in the validity of Proof of Registration cards past 31 December, 2017.
The DRA Response
The five Dutch Relief Alliance (DRA) members participating in the Afghanistan Joint Response implement relief programmes to assist Internally Displaced Persons, other communities affected by the conflict and (undocumented) returnees from Iran and Pakistan.
Following on from a successful first phase of the Joint Response, the second phase (June-December 2017) yielded the following results:
- More than 75,000 vulnerable conflict-affected people – including IDPs and returning refugees – rebuilt their livelihoods.
- More than 38,000 vulnerable conflict-affected people, IDPs and returnees were provided with basic safe and dignified shelter solutions.
- Access to safe and sufficient water resources for domestic use was restored for 17,000 people.
- Hygiene materials were distributed to more than 12,000 vulnerable conflict-affected people, IDPs and returnees.